Thanks to an outdated law, anything stored online for more than 180 days doesn’t get the protections of the Fourth Amendment. Congress has the chance to fix the problem, but will it?


Why Congress Should Pass the ECPA Amendment Act
by Ben Jacobs Jul 30, 2013 3:06 PM EDT

Is Congress about to pass the first significant privacy-protection legislation since 9/11?

Right now if you store any information in “the cloud” for longer than 180 days, the government does not need a warrant to search it, only a subpoena, which does not require judicial approval. This means all those emails in your inbox from last year, the Google Docs that you’ve been working on for a while, and everything you have saved in your Dropbox are essentially not covered by the Fourth Amendment to the Constitution.

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Sean Gallup/Getty Images

How this is possible? It’s because when the law governing this, the Electronic Communications Privacy Act (ECPA), was written in 1986, five years before Tim Berners-Lee had even invented the Internet, and has not been updated since. It was written at a time when no one ever conceived that email or data would be stored online; after all you had to connect via a dial-up modem to get information displayed in one of 16 colors available on your computer monitor. If information was left online for an extended period, it had likely been forgotten or abandoned. But today, the ECPA allows that, in theory, law enforcement need not go through a judge in order to go through your inbox.

The disconnect between statute books and modern life has led to a bipartisan push to update the law. The ECPA Amendment Act, co-sponsored by Sens. Patrick Leahy (D-VT) and Mike Lee (R-UT), would extend the warrant requirement to communications stored online for more than 180 days. The bill is not perceived to be terribly controversial—after all, as one Senate aide points out, it is not intended to radically change the law, but simply to restore the balance that Congress originally intended when it passed ECPA in 1986.

Article continues http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/07/30/why-congress-should-pass-the-ecpa-amendment-act.html

House approves compromise on student loan rates


WASHINGTON — The House passed a measure Wednesday that resolves a dispute over how to set student loan rates, sending it to President Obama, who has said he would sign the legislation “right away.”

The compromise proposal, which passed 392 to 31, bases rates on the market and, at least temporarily, will allow some recipients of new federal student loans to pay lower rates than last year.

As the economy improves, however, rates will increase. But the bill also caps the rates and allows borrowers to lock in interest rates over the life of the loan.

“We wanted to get this out of the partisan, political squabble,” said Rep. John Kline (R-Minn.), chairman of the Committee on Education and the Workforce. “We wanted to let the market do this is in a way that’s fair to students and the taxpayer.”

Undergraduates who take out Stafford loans will probably pay 3.9%, calculated by adding 2.05 percentage points to the rate for the 10-year Treasury note. The loan rate is capped at 8.25%. Borrowers of PLUS loans will pay 4.6 percentage points above the 10-year Treasury rate, or 6.4% this fall.

Last year, interest rates were fixed at 3.4% for subsidized Stafford loans and 6.8% for unsubsidized ones. Borrowers of PLUS loans paid 7.9%.

Obama called for a market-based approach to interest rates. A disagreement between Democrats and Republicans in the Senate stalled passage of the measure by July 1, when the current fixed rates automatically doubled.

Student loan rates were based on the financial market between 2002 and 2007, when Congress set lower fixed rates. Those rates expired in 2012, and Congress passed a one-year extension.

Last week, the Senate modified a House proposal passed in May, lowering the rate and the cap for Stafford loans and allowing borrowers to lock in an interest rate for the life of the loan.

In the debate Wednesday, Republicans emphasized the similarities between the House GOP proposal and Obama’s approach, while Democrats praised the Senate compromise as a great improvement.

Rep. George Miller (D-Martinez), the ranking member of the Committee on Education and the Workforce, said, “This stands in stark contrast to the partisan bill passed in May.”

http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-student-loans-20130801,0,1456880.story?track=rss

marina.villeneuve@latimes.com

Rush Limbaugh’s Long, Slow March to Irrelevance


Don’t listen to the headlines—Rush Limbaugh’s talk radio supremacy ain’t over just yet. But it’s long been clear that his glory days are behind him. John Avlon on the final days of toxic right-wing talk.

Fox News presented an hour-long Rush Limbaugh infomercial on Greta Van Susteren’s show Tuesday night, allowing the embattled talk radio giant to offer up uncontested howlers like this: “I get more grief than the al Qaeda gets.” And this: “I don’t see any pushback [by the GOP] against anything Obama wants to do [by the GOP].” And finally this: “I can’t remember a time when it’s been more partisan, more divisive and getting worse—and being done on purpose.”

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Radio talk show host and conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh. (Bill Pugliano/Getty)
While Greta also found time to ask Rush’s opinion about the Zimmerman verdict (he pronounced it “uplifting”), no questions were asked about the big story that has Limbaugh in limbo: a Sunday night report by Dylan Byers at Politico that suggested Rush and his right-wing talk colleague Sean Hannity are on the verge of being dropped by Cumulus radio.

The report follows months of complaints by Cumulus CEO Lew Dickey about the impact of an advertiser boycott of Rush enacted after he called birth-control advocate Sandra Fluke a “slut” back in early 2012—a drought that has resulted in some $2.4 million in associated losses over the first quarter of 2013 alone as The Daily Beast reported in May. Combine those losses with the high cost of running Rush—his last contract, an eight-year inked in 2008, had a $400 million price tag—and an aging fan base of white men and at best you’ve got a recipe for renegotiations. At worst: ejection.

Article continueshttp://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/07/31/rush-limbaugh-s-long-slow-march-to-irrelevance.html

President Obama’s no-Congress strategy


President Obama is pictured. | AP Photo

The president is done caring about congressional Republicans calling him a dictator. | AP Photo

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President Barack Obama is planning to bypass congressional Republicans with a surge of executive actions and orders on issues like voting rights, health care, job creation, the economy, climate change and immigration.

And this time, he really, really, really means it. Really.

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Obama’s started to sell his pitch to congressional Democrats, meeting with caucus groups at the White House and going to the Hill on Wednesday morning to speak with House and Senate Democrats.

(PHOTOS: Obama’s second term)

“I have to figure out what I can do outside of Congress through executive actions,” Obama told the Congressional Black Caucus earlier this month, according to Rep. Karen Bass (D-Calif.).

“He’s very ready to use his executive powers whenever possible,” said Rep. Judy Chu (D-Calif.) who heard Obama discuss the new approach at a meeting of the Congressional Asian Pacific Caucus to the White House last week.

With the clock running on Obama’s time in office — he’s even started marking the number of days left in public speeches — the president is done caring about congressional Republicans calling him a dictator. Or calling him at all.

Obama can’t ignore Republicans forever. There’s no way for the president to avoid negotiations to get continuing resolutions to avoid a government shutdown and raise the debt ceiling — and depending how things go, rebuff GOP efforts to defund Obamacare and possibly a compromise on immigration reform. Chief of staff Denis McDonough’s functioning as an almost one-man legislative affairs office can’t do it all.

(Also on POLITICO: W.H. seeks to redefine grand bargain)

And he’s used the executive authority tactic before, including last summer’s controversial move to cut deportations for younger illegal immigrants and the mental health focus he announced as part of his gun control agenda after the Newtown massacre.

But administration officials and advisers say what’s ahead will be more extensive and frequent than previous efforts, and the White House is on the hunt for anything that can move without congressional approval, including encouraging efforts like Attorney General Eric Holder’s lawsuits to find new avenues of enforcement in the wake of the Supreme Court’s decision on the Voting Rights Act last month.

He’s even started soliciting suggestions for where to move next. Bass and other CBC members asked him to change the Medicaid process in territories to base allocations on income level, to repeal the Bush minimum wage federal contractor policies and to address child welfare. The CAPAC members also offered suggestions like changing the federal government’s process of recognizing native Hawaiians.

Obama told them he was open to all of them, and said his staff is working on others in the model of the new emission standards he announced as part of his climate agenda last month.

Eventually, executive actions and orders will be unveiled as part of the economic agenda Obama began hinting at in his speeches last week, addressing things like mortgage refinancing and restructuring — which is about as extensive as the White House expects things to get, even as they talk of welcoming negotiations with Republicans over the debt ceiling. And get ready, he’s told people, for a whole lot more recess appointments if Republicans start blocking his nominees again.

Executive actions are a familiar move for second-term presidents, and one that Bill Clinton and George W. Bush came to know well: rules and regulations can have deep and wide impact, and they come without all the messiness of Capitol Hill.

Article continues

http://www.politico.com/story/2013/07/obamas-no-congress-strategy-94947.html

 

Mike Lee To GOP On Obamacare: ‘If You Fund It, You’re For It’


Mike Lee To GOP On Obamacare: ‘If You Fund It, You’re For It’

Tea party Sen. Mike Lee (R-UT) put the GOP on notice Tuesday by characterizing a vote against shutting down the government by refusing to fund the Affordable Care Act as endorsing the law outright.

“Defund it, or own it. If you fund it, you’re for it,” Lee said on the Senate floor.

Lee, joined by Sens. Marco Rubio (R-FL) and Ted Cruz (R-TX), is spearheading an effort not to fund the government unless it excludes appropriations to implement Obamacare. The lawmakers are finding severe resistance within their own ranks, however.

One of those Republicans who disagrees with Lee’s strategy, Sen. Tom Coburn (R-OK), explained on the Senate floor that defunding Obamacare would require a highly-unlikely 67 votes.

“I’d love to defund Obamacare, I’d like someone to show me a mechanism to do it,” he said.

http://livewire.talkingpointsmemo.com/entry/mike-lee-to-gop-on-obamacare-if-you

On Monday, Amazon plans to announce it is creating more than 5,000 new full-time jobs in its United States warehouses to handle growing customer demand. The company currently employs more than 20,000 warehouse workers here, so the new positions represent a significant increase in its head count.


American technology companies like Apple have been criticized for outsourcing manufacturing of their gadgets to China, rather than employing people to do the work in the United States. But one tech icon, Amazon, is seeking to call attention to the thousands of working-class jobs it’s creating in the United States.

On Monday, Amazon plans to announce it is creating more than 5,000 new full-time jobs in its United States warehouses to handle growing customer demand. The company currently employs more than 20,000 warehouse workers here, so the new positions represent a significant increase in its head count.

Amazon’s announcement is timed to coincide with a speech on middle-class jobs that President Obama is expected to give Tuesday at an Amazon warehouse in Chattanooga, Tenn.

Article continues

http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/28/a-new-role-for-amazon-an-engine-for-jobs/?ref=technology

Scientists Seek to Rein In Diagnoses of Cancer


By TARA PARKER-POPE
The panel said that some premalignant conditions found in mammograms should not be identified as “carcinoma.”
he panel said that some premalignant conditions found in mammograms should not be identified as “carcinoma.”

A group of experts advising the nation’s premier cancer research institution has recommended changing the definition of cancer and eliminating the word from some common diagnoses as part of sweeping changes in the nation’s approach to cancer detection and treatment.

The recommendations, from a working group of the National Cancer Institute,were published on Monday in The Journal of the American Medical Association. They say, for instance, that some premalignant conditions, like one that affects the breast called ductal carcinoma in situ, which many doctors agree is not cancer, should be renamed to exclude the word carcinoma so that patients are less frightened and less likely to seek what may be unneeded and potentially harmful treatments that can include the surgical removal of the breast.

Article continues:

http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/07/29/report-suggests-sweeping-changes-to-cancer-detection-and-treatment/?ref=health&_r=0

We shouldn’t have to sue to get Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to follow their congressional mandate and put some of the billions they are generating into affordable housing for the millions of families who need it. But that’s what is has come to for housing advocates, who are frustrated that the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is still refusing to fund the National Housing Trust Fund.


Helping America’s renters

By David M. Abromowitz
JULY 29, 2013

We shouldn’t have to sue to get Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to follow their congressional mandate and put some of the billions they are generating into affordable housing for the millions of families who need it. But that’s what is has come to for housing advocates, who are frustrated that the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) is still refusing to fund the National Housing Trust Fund.

In 2008, before the housing market collapsed, a bipartisan promise was made to millions of working families, when President George W. Bush signed the National Housing Trust Fund into law. The fund, capitalized from the operating profits of Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac, was to be a downpayment on affordable apartments, which are desperately needed by the millions of Americans who rent.

Yet when Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac crashed along with house prices, and were put into conservatorship, the Federal Housing Finance Agency decided to delay funding the Housing Trust until the mortgage giants got back on their feet. For nearly five years, the promise Congress made to America’s renters has remained unfulfilled.

Today, however, Fannie and Freddie are in the black. They are sending Treasury a combined $66 billion for the past year, applied to deficit reduction, while they are generating record net income on a pace to top $50 billion for 2013 alone.

With this dramatic reversal of fortune, and Fannie and Freddie’s new books of business far stronger than before, housing advocates argue that the Federal Housing Finance Agency is now violating the law by failing to fund the Housing Trust. The National Low Income Housing Coalition, a leading advocate for payment, in April gave FHFA’s director a detailed brief arguing this. When they got no response, the organization filed suit.

Members of the House Financial Services Committee recently asked FHFA acting director, Edward DeMarco, to reconsider his decision to suspend funding in light of Fannie and Freddie’s vastly improved financial condition. They are still waiting for his reply.

It is only fair that some of Fannie and Freddie’s income should finally make its way toward helping the families and communities hit hardest by the housing downturn. Low-income renters are struggling today largely because the complex Wall Street mortgage products devised for higher income homeowners pushed the economy into recession. Now, while homeowners are seeing their home values stabilize and even rise, renters have only seen their situation get worse in the last five years, particularly for those at the lower end of the income ladder.

Incomes for average working families have stalled out. Roughly half the nation’s renters now pay more than 30 percent of their income for rent, and a quarter of renters pay more than 50 percent — both steep increases in the last decade.

This problem is projected to only get worse. Average rents will increase nationally by 4.6 percent in 2013, according to National Association of Realtors estimates, and continue to increase by at least 4 percent per year in 2014 and 2015.

The amount promised to the Housing Trust by law is small relative to the money that the companies are making — but it can make a huge difference for families who desperately seeking affordable housing. A well-capitalized Housing Trust will help stem this tide of rising rents by funding the production, preservation, rehabilitation and operation of affordable rental units. Not only will the most vulnerable Americans have more housing options, more rental units help push down rates for all renters.

President Barack Obama recently announced the nomination of Representative Mel Watt (D-N.C.) to replace the current FHFA acting director — who despite controlling entities that influence over 20 percent of the economy — was neither appointed by the president nor confirmed by Congress. While this change could eventually lead to funding the Trust Fund, the confirmation process remains uncertain, and action is long overdue.

A judgment call from five years ago, under vastly different circumstances, should no longer prevent help for our most vulnerable renters. It’s time to do what Congress intended — and fulfill the promise made to so many American families.

PHOTO (Top): A rental sign at an apartment building in Los Angeles, March 19, 2008. REUTERS/Fred Prouse 

PHOTO (Insert): Representative Mel Watt testifies before the Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee confirmation hearing to be the regulator of mortgage finance firms Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac on Capitol Hill in Washington, June 27, 2013. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas

http://blogs.reuters.com/great-debate/2013/07/28/helping-americas-renters/

 

Bradley Manning, the US Army private accused of leaking thousands of classified documents, has been found guilty of espionage but not guilty of aiding the enemy. Among the items sent to Wikileaks by Pte Manning was graphic footage of an Apache helicopter attack in 2007 that killed a dozen people in the Iraqi capital Baghdad, including a Reuters photographer.


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Bradley Manning, the US Army private accused of leaking thousands of classified documents, has been found guilty of espionage but not guilty of aiding the enemy.

Pte Manning, 25, has been found guilty of 20 charges in total.

He had acknowledged leaking the documents to anti-secrecy organisation Wikileaks but said he did so to spark a debate on US foreign policy.

The leak is considered the largest ever of secret US government files.

He faces a maximum sentence of more than 100 years. His sentencing hearing is set to begin on Wednesday.

In addition to multiple espionage counts, he was also found guilty of five theft charges, two computer fraud charges and multiple military infractions.

Among the items sent to Wikileaks by Pte Manning was graphic footage of an Apache helicopter attack in 2007 that killed a dozen people in the Iraqi capital Baghdad, including a Reuters photographer.

The documents also included 470,000 Iraq and Afghanistan battlefield reports and 250,000 secure state department cables between Washington and embassies around the world.

Being found guilty of aiding the enemy could have had serious implications for people leaking documents in the future, says the BBC’s North America editor, Mark Mardell.

Pte Manning, an intelligence analyst, was arrested in Iraq in May 2010. He spent weeks in a cell at Camp Arifjan, a US Army installation in Kuwait, before being transferred to the US.

During the court martial, prosecutors argued Pte Manning systematically harvested hundreds of thousands of classified documents in order to gain notoriety.

The defence characterised him as a naive and young soldier who had become disillusioned during his time in Iraq.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-23506213

When middle-aged libido meets a whiff of power, chaos strikes our political process. Tina Brown on why Anthony Weiner and his ilk need to stop thinking with their genitals.


End the Damn Dickmanship! by Tina BrownJul 29, 2013 4:45 am EDT

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Mayorial candidate Anthony Weiner and his wife, Huma Abedin, campaigning on July 14 in New York City. (Andrew Savulich/NY Daily News via Getty)

Carlos Danger was one blockbuster sequel that hasn’t been welcomed (except by all of us in the news biz). “Maybe we should take another look at Christine Quinn” is the unilateral embarrassed mumble from New Yorkers I have talked to in the last three days. Not because anyone is especially blown away by the speaker of the City Council’s caustic mediocrity, but because at least we would be safe from her private parts flying around the Internet.
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/07/29/tina-brown-end-the-damn-dickmanship.html