The U.S. minimum wage is actually lower than it was in the late 1960s. Five years after King’s speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial, the federal minimum wage, when converted into 2013 dollars, was $10.70, compared to $7.25 now. (The nominal minimum wage, according to the Congressional Research Service, was only $1.60 per hour in 1968. The $10.70 amount is adjusted for inflation).


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Magnum photographer Leonard Freed (1929-2006

Is class the new race?

Editor’s note: John D. Sutter is a columnist for CNN Opinion and head of CNN’s Change the List project.

(CNN) — Let’s play a little game.

Which of the following signs did protestors hold at the March on Washington, 50 years ago this week, and which were held up this year by fast-food workers:

1. “WE MARCH FOR HIGHER MINIMUM WAGES
COVERAGE FOR ALL WORKERS NOW!”

2. “WE ARE WORTH MORE”

3. “I AM A MAN”

4. “WE MARCH FOR JOBS FOR ALL
A DECENT PAY NOW!

Find the answers and continue reading on this link
http://www.cnn.com/2013/08/30/opinion/sutter-class-race-fast-food/index.html

The WHO estimates that alcohol results in 2.5m deaths a year, more than AIDS or tuberculosis. In Russia and its former satellite states one in five male deaths is caused by drink.


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Global alcohol consumption
A map of world alcohol consumption
Feb 14th 2011, 13:01 by The Economist online

THE world drank the equivalent of 6.1 litres of pure alcohol per person in 2005, according to a report from the World Health Organisation published on February 11th. The biggest boozers are mostly found in Europe and in the former Soviet states. Moldovans are the most bibulous, getting through 18.2 litres each, nearly 2 litres more than the Czechs in second place. Over 10 litres of a Moldovan’s annual intake is reckoned to be ‘unrecorded’ home-brewed liquor, making it particularly harmful to health. Such moonshine accounts for almost 30% of the world’s drinking. The WHO estimates that alcohol results in 2.5m deaths a year, more than AIDS or tuberculosis. In Russia and its former satellite states one in five male deaths is caused by drink.

“It has been no secret that China has wanted to export chicken to the U.S. in exchange for reopening its market for beef from the U.S. that has been closed since 2003 due to the diagnosis of a cow in Washington State with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) or mad cow disease. Today’s audit report reveals yet again that USDA is willing to allow trade to trump food safety” -Food and Water Watch’ Executive Director Wenonah Hauter


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By BILL TOMSON and TARINI PARTI | 8/30/13 1:40 PM EDT
U.S. officials have given the thumbs-up to four Chinese poultry plants, paving the way for the country to send processed chicken to American markets, according to audit reports obtained by POLITICO.

Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2013/08/audit-gives-china-green-light-to-process-us-chicken-96091.html#ixzz2dZNwCWEl

The bill creating the Labor Day holiday was rushed unanimously through Congress near the end of summer in 1894. Cleveland reportedly signed the bill only six days after calling in U.S. Marshalls, along with approximately 12,000 U.S. Army troops, to end violent clashes between striking railway workers and local authorities.


Friday, August 30, 2013 – History on Purpose by Dennis Jamison
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SAN JOSE, August 30, 2013—Labor Day became an officially sanctioned federal holiday in the aftermath of some of the most turbulent labor unrest in the history of the United States.
The first significant Labor Day parade occurred in 1882, years before city and state governments passed legislation dedicated to remembering the contributions of the workers in building this nation. The federal holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September became law partly because Congress and President Grover Cleveland hastily reacted to a union strike turned violent that had crippled the country’s railways.
The bill creating the Labor Day holiday was rushed unanimously through Congress near the end of summer in 1894. Cleveland reportedly signed the bill only six days after calling in U.S. Marshalls, along with approximately 12,000 U.S. Army troops, to end violent clashes between striking railway workers and local authorities.
The strike was no simple matter of disgruntled employees demanding higher wages and is viewed as a classic battle between labor and management or between labor and government.

Article continues:
Read more: http://communities.washingtontimes.com/neighborhood/history-purpose/2013/aug/30/history-labor-day/#ixzz2dWkczyHl
Follow us: @wtcommunities on Twitter

http://communities.washingtontimes.com/neighborhood/history-purpose/2013/aug/30/history-labor-day/

The world’s thickest ice sheet may be at greater risk from variations in the climate than previously believed.


29 August 2013 Last updated at 06:04 ET By Matt McGrath Environment correspondent, BBC News
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East Antarctic ice sheet ‘vulnerable’ to temperature changes

The researchers looked at the ebb and flow of huge glaciers like this one in the Transantarctic Mountains as it enters the Ross Ice Shelf
The world’s thickest ice sheet may be at greater risk from variations in the climate than previously believed.

Scientists found that glaciers on the East Antarctic Ice Sheet (EAIS) advance and retreat in synch with changes in temperature.

Since it contains enough water to raise global sea levels by over 50m, there is an urgent need to study the threat the researchers said.

The research has been published in the journal Nature.

Scientists have long been worried about the threat to sea levels from the prospect of melting in Greenland and in West Antarctica.

Greenland has had an annual loss of 140 billion tonnes over the past 20 years. Recent studies have indicated that Greenland will be much greener by 2100 thanks to global warming.

Researchers are also concerned about West Antarctica, where scientists have recently concluded that warming waters are causing a loss of ice from the shelf.

The image from 1963 is from declassified spy satellite imagery, with the end point of the glacier marked by a red line, where it enters the ocean. By 1990, the glacier has retreated from this position by around 3-4 km, but it subsequently re-advanced by 2000, before retreating again by 2010.
But most scientists have dismissed concerns over East Antarctica, the world’s biggest ice sheet. Temperatures there can get down to minus 30C, meaning that it was essentially impervious to small, cyclical changes.

Now a new analysis questions that assumption.

Researchers at Durham University looked at declassified spy satellite imagery dating from 1963 to 2012. They used the pictures to detect changes in 175 glaciers as they flow into the sea along the 5,400km of coastline.

They found a strong pattern of ebb and flow. In the 1970s and 80s, when temperatures were rising they found that 63% of glaciers were retreating. During the 1990s, when temperatures decreased, 72% of the glaciers advanced.

“It is the first study to show that there is acute sensitivity in this particular ice sheet to climate variation,” said Dr Chris Stokes who lead the research.

“When we found these clear trends of advance and retreat, it was quite unexpected. But when we looked at the climate records it wasn’t unexpected at all because they were just doing what the climate told them to do.”

The researchers say that there is no immediate threat to global sea levels from their findings – but they are urging further investigation.

“People have thought because it is so big and so cold, it must be some way off a threshold of showing a reaction to climate but actually it is quite sensitive and we can see melt water ponds forming along the margin of this part of the ice sheet.

“In the next 100 years or so we could be looking at similar changes as we’ve seen in Greenland and West Antarctica.

“We are seeing a very sensitive reaction which we’ve never really seen before.”

The scientists say there is no clear trend of warming in this part of Antarctica unlike the rest of the of world. The situation is complicated by the hole in the ozone layer that is changing wind directions and speeds.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-23868841