Dark matter: Absence of evidence, or evidence of absence? Physicists are learning more about what dark matter isn’t. That will help them find out what it is – The Economist Nov 2nd 2013

COSMOLOGY and particle physics—or at least, the popular versions of them—tend to the grandiose. The Higgs boson, recently discovered at CERN, Europe’s particle-physics laboratory, is not just any old particle. To the despair of many physicists, it has been dubbed the “God particle”. Books on cosmology promise to reveal the “fabric of the cosmos”, while their academic authors discuss different flavours of a “theory of everything”.

The reality, though, is more disappointing—or perhaps more exciting, depending on your point of view. Physicists have excellent, accurate theories to describe the behaviour of the matter that makes up atoms. But they also know that this matter constitutes less than 5% of the substance of creation. The remainder is split between “dark energy”, a notional force assigned responsibility for the accelerating expansion of the universe, and “dark matter”, ghostly stuff whose existence seems necessary to make sense of the arrangement of the heavens. Both are the subject of intense study, and both remain deeply mysterious.

On October 30th the team running the Large Underground Xenon (LUX) experiment, in a mine 1,500 metres below South Dakota, announced the results of their first three months spent hunting for dark matter: nothing. That is big news. It contradicts evidence from several other experiments, which offered hints that dark matter had been spotted. And LUX is the most sensitive dark-matter detector yet built.

Article continues: http://www.economist.com/news/science-and-technology/21588829-physicists-are-learning-more-about-what-dark-matter-isnt-will-help-them-find

Conservationist inspires reverence for wilderness – By FRANCES BEINECKE | 10/31/13 5:07 AM EDT

Margaret “Mardy” Murie and Frances Beinecke (left) are pictured in this composite. | AP Photos

Murie was ‘grandmother of the conservation movement,’ Beinecke writes. | AP Photos

The following essay is part of a series in which dozens of women will reveal what women they most admire. The series is part of “Women Rule,” a unique effort this fall by POLITICO, Google and The Tory Burch Foundation exploring how women are leading change in politics, policy and their communities. See more essays here.

I traveled to the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska this summer and got to experience one of the wildest landscapes left on Earth. I saw grizzly bears playing in the grass, wolves tracking caribou and wildflowers blooming in a riot of color. One afternoon, I stepped into a tiny visitor center and saw a tribute to the woman who helped protect the refuge and 100 million acres more of America’s natural heritage: Margaret “Mardy” Murie.

Mardy, who died in 2003, was a force of nature and my conservation heroine and role model. She navigated the male-dominated worlds of frontier Alaska, the oil and gas industry — and Capitol Hill to preserve our wilderness crown jewels. In the process, she became an inspiration to a generation of women entering the environmental arena in the 1970s. She was hailed as the “grandmother of the conservation movement.

Read more: http://www.politico.com/story/2013/10/frances-beinecke-margaret-murie-99116.html#ixzz2jIkFvNDU

Poll Reveals An Astonishing Majority Of Conservatives Want A White Male Dominated Congress – AUTHOR: STEPHEN D. FOSTER JR. OCTOBER 31, 2013 8:01 AM

New poll reveals Conservatives want only white men in Congress. The GOP-led House's 2012 committee chairs.

Still think the GOP isn’t sexist and racist? This new poll is a real eye-opener. It shows conservatives don’t want any more women or minorities in Congress. Photo of The GOP-led House’s 2012 committee chairs from “The Rachel Maddow Show.”

If you still don’t think that the Republican Party is sexist and racist, get ready to have your eyes opened. A new poll finds that an astonishingly high number of conservatives actually want Congress to be dominated by white men.

New poll shows conservatives don’t want more women or minorities in Congress.

According to a new poll from ABC/Fusion, only 5 percent of conservative Republicans think more minorities in Congress would be a good thing. Apparently, most feel it would be a bad thing to have a more diverse Congress. It’s really pathetic that a mere 5 percent bucked their own party to say that more minorities should be sent to Washington DC.

The above statistic is just further proof that the Republican Party has become staunchly anti-minority. This spells major trouble for conservative candidates in future elections. In 2012, 93 percent of African-Americans, 71 percent of Latinos, and 73 percent of Asians voted for President Obama and Democrats. If conservatives continue to alienate minority voters, the GOP will be a minority in governing for years to come.

But that’s not all the new poll reveals. It also shows how Republicans feel about more women being elected to Congress. And it’s not pretty. No pun intended.

The ABC/Fusion poll shows that only 26 percent of conservatives and 23 percent of Republicans support electing more women to the House and Senate. The low number demonstrates why the GOP is struggling with female voters. In 2012, 56% of women voted for President Obama. The 12 point gender gap helped Democrats regain some House seats and retain control of the Senate. But it also catapulted a record number of women to Congress. Clearly, Republicans aren’t doing well with women, and it stands to get worse as the GOP escalates their war on women.

Article continues: http://www.addictinginfo.org/2013/10/31/new-poll-conservatives-congress/

Drone Victims Appear Before Congress for First Time -by George Zornick on October 29, 2013 – 4:06 PM ET

Rafiq ur Rehman

Rafiq ur Rehman and his children, Zubair and Nabeela, appear at a briefing on October 29, 2013. Photo by George Zornick.

One year ago this month, Rafiq ur Rehman’s children were gathering okra in a field in Pakistan with their 67-year-old grandmother, Mammana Bibi. A loud buzzing noise quickly grew louder, and a US drone fired a missile into the field. International news reports carried American claims that multiple militants had been killed in the strike, but there was actually only one death: Mammana Bibi. The two children were injured in the attack.

On Tuesday morning, Rafiq, his son Zubair, age 13, and his daughter Nabeela, 9, sat in a crowded room on Capitol Hill in front of a bank of television cameras and told their story.

“Nobody has ever told me why my mother was targeted that day. Some media outlets reported that the attack was on a car, but there is no road alongside my mother’s house. Others reported that the attack was on a house. But the missiles hit a nearby field, not a house,” Rafiq said in quiet Urdu, which was then repeated in English by a translator. (The translator at one point became emotional and had to collect herself.)

“As a teacher, my job is to educate,” Rafiq continued. “But how do I teach something like this? How do I explain what I myself do not understand? How can I in good faith reassure the children that the drone will not come back and kill them, too, if I do not understand why it killed my mother and injured my children?”

Article continues: http://www.thenation.com/blog/176882/drone-victims-appear-congress-first-time