Europe Will Unite Against Security Threats – By SIMON NIXON Nov. 15, 2015 6:44 p.m. ET


The forces that bind together the EU are stronger than those threatening to rend it

Demonstrators attended a Paris unity rally in January.

Demonstrators attended a Paris unity rally in January. PHOTO: AGENCE FRANCE PRESSE/GETTY IMAGES

The last time Islamic terrorists attacked Paris, they brought Europeans closer together.

Following the Charlie Hebdo murders in January, citizens from across the continent took to social media to show solidarity using the hashtag #JeSuisCharlie. European leaders walked arm-in-arm in Paris in defense of European values and free speech. Governments promised to work even more closely together to combat terrorism and religious extremism.

The latest attacks on Paris have engendered similar displays of sympathy, but they do so against an altogether more contested political landscape.

The arrival of more than a million refugees in the European Union this year has fueled tensions both within and between countries. Razor wire fences once again run along some borders between EU members; several governments have reintroduced border checks; trust in the willingness and capacity of countries to enforce EU rules has been severely eroded; and the principle of free movement of people within the EU—a cornerstone of integration—has been widely called into question.

Only the day before the Paris attacks, European Council President Donald Tusk warned that the survival of the EU’s Schengen passport-free travel zone was at stake.

The fact that one of the Paris terrorists appears to have entered Greece alongside refugees in October—and evidence of a possible Belgian link to the plot—is bound to further erode public confidence in open borders. It may also boost support for right-wing populist politicians who insist that the answer to the terrorist threat and migration crises lies in national—rather than European—solutions.

Yet there is little sign so far that any national government is tempted by this populist agenda. Even the new right-wing Polish government, which initially responded to the Paris attacks by saying it would no longer participate in the EU’s refugee resettlement program, backtracked somewhat from its position on Sunday.

Instead, the attacks seem more likely to underline the central message behind Mr. Tusk’s warning: that unless EU governments swiftly take the necessary steps to restore trust in the security of the EU’s external borders, the wider benefits of European integration, including its single market, risk being lost.

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http://www.wsj.com/articles/europe-will-unite-against-security-threats-1447631040

 

On The Line: Milène Larsson Discusses Europe’s Migrant Crisis – Vice News Published on Oct 26, 2015


VICE News journalist Milène Larsson (https://twitter.com/milenelarsson) joined On The Line to discuss Europe’s migrant crisis, and her reporting for the “Europe or Die” series.

Watch: People Smuggling in Sicily: Europe or Die – http://bit.ly/1JwM6Ny

Watch more from ‘Europe or Die’ – http://bit.ly/1M5GJrK

Refugees’ Dead End in Italy: Breaking Borders (Dispatch 7) – Vice News Published on Oct 19, 2015


As Europe faces a huge refugee crisis, with hundreds of thousands of people flooding into the continent to flee war, poverty, and political oppression, its response has been chaotic. Thousands have died making the perilous boat journeys across the Mediterranean as European governments squabble among themselves on how to deal with the situation.

At the end of June, France closed its border with Italy to refugees and migrants, trapping hundreds in the Italian border town of Ventimiglia. Money was low by the time most people reached the town, so they had to seek help in two camps — one run by the Red Cross and the other by European activists — for food and shelter while they waited in vain for the border to reopen.

VICE News travels to the French-Italian border to speak to those who are stuck, as well as organizations and activists struggling to cope with the situation.

Watch “My Escape From Syria: Europe or Die” – http://bit.ly/1LiVIJk

My Escape From Syria: Europe or Die – Vice News Published on Oct 6, 2015


Syria’s brutal civil war has created hundreds of thousands of refugees, civilians who have been forced to leave everything behind at home and travel in search of a new life in Europe.

Ismail, 25, filmed his journey to Germany with 19-year-old Naeem, capturing the most dangerous parts of a perilous trip, including the boat crossing from Turkey to Greece where hundreds of refugees have died this year.

In this exclusive footage, VICE News gives an insight into a desperate trek, as Ismail and Naeem give first-hand accounts of their journey, the life they left behind, and their hopes for the future.

Watch “Libya’s Migrant Trade: Europe or Die (Full Length)” – http://bit.ly/1V943t1

Last Week Tonight with John Oliver: Migrants and Refugees (HBO) – Published on Sep 28, 2015


Millions of migrants seeking asylum in Europe face hostility, racism, and red tape. John Oliver does one admittedly tiny thing for one of them.

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Libya’s Migrant Trade: Europe or Die (Full Length) – Vice News Published on Sep 17, 2015


In a desperate bid to seek a better life in Europe, thousands of refugees and migrants leave the shores ofLibya and cross the perilous Mediterranean Sea every month. Over 2,000 people have died making the journey in 2015 alone.

The routes to and journey through Libya are also dangerous, however, and since the fall of Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, the country has struggled to achieve and maintain stability. Porous desert borders, rival fighters, and weak governance have left much of Libya in complete chaos.

With militias controlling large swathes of land, their attentions have turned to the people that cross their territories. The fighters assert they are bringing order to the country as they detain the refugees, yet these people’s lives have become valuable commodities to the militias as they try to solidify their positions in the country.

VICE News secured exclusive access to a camp outside Tripoli, run by a militia that has seized hundreds of migrants. Food is scarce, dehydration and disease is rife, and control comes in the form of whips and warning shots. The militia claims to have the migrants’ interests at heart, but what emerges is a very different story.

VICE News secured exclusive access to a camp outside Tripoli, run by a militia that has seized hundreds of migrants.

Watch “Stopover in Serbia: Breaking Borders (Dispatch 4)” – http://bit.ly/1JbWohd

Stopover in Serbia: Breaking Borders (Dispatch 4) – Vice News Published on Sep 16, 2015


For many migrants and refugees, Belgrade marks the edge of Europe and a crucial stage in their journey north. A square in the center of the Serbian capital has become a makeshift camp for migrants awaiting buses and trains to take them to Hungary and the European Union (EU).

Despite a largely sympathetic Serbian public, conditions in the camp are squalid. The migrants are anxious to leave the country without claiming asylum, in order to ensure a future for them and their family in the EU. Smugglers are at hand to offer a route to Hungary — for a price.

VICE News travels to Belgrade to speak with migrants and refugees before the next part of their journey, who expect their routes to be fraught with police, barbed fences, and smugglers.

Watch “Seeking Refuge in Europe: Breaking Borders (Dispatch 1)” – http://bit.ly/1Qt8Ejr

Kidnapped and Sold: Libya’s Migrant Trade (Part 2) – Vice News Published on Sep 16, 2015


In a desperate bid to seek a better life in Europe, thousands of refugees and migrants leave the shores of Libya and cross the perilous Mediterranean Sea every month. Over 2,000 people have died making the journey in 2015 alone.

The routes to and journey through Libya are also dangerous, however, and since the fall of Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, the country has struggled to achieve and maintain stability. Porous desert borders, rival fighters, and weak governance have left much of Libya in complete chaos.

With militias controlling large swathes of land, their attentions have turned to the people that cross their territories. The fighters assert they are bringing order to the country as they detain the refugees, yet these people’s lives have become valuable commodities to the militias as they try to solidify their positions in the country.

VICE News secured exclusive access to a camp outside Tripoli, run by a militia that has seized hundreds of migrants. Food is scarce, dehydration and disease is rife, and control comes in the form of whips and warning shots. The militia claims to have the migrants’ interests at heart, but what emerges is a very different story.

In part two of a two-part series, VICE News speaks to migrants and refugees rounded up by a militia in Tripoli, before returning to another militia camp to speak to a young Eritrean migrant who calls upon the United Nations for help.

Watch “Detained by Militias: Libya’s Migrant Trade (Part 1)” – http://bit.ly/1Mb2jrx

Detained by Militias: Libya’s Migrant Trade (Part 1) – Vice News Published on Sep 15, 2015


In a desperate bid to seek a better life in Europe, thousands of refugees and migrants leave the shores of Libya and cross the perilous Mediterranean Sea every month. Over 2,000 people have died making the journey in 2015 alone.

The routes to and journey through Libya are also dangerous, however, and since the fall of Muammar Qaddafi in 2011, the country has struggled to achieve and maintain stability. Porous desert borders, rival fighters, and weak governance have left much of Libya in complete chaos.

With militias controlling large swathes of land, their attentions have turned to the people that cross their territories. The fighters assert they are bringing order to the country as they detain the refugees, yet these people’s lives have become valuable commodities to the militias as they try to solidify their positions in the country.

VICE News secured exclusive access to a camp outside Tripoli, run by a militia that has seized hundreds of migrants. Food is scarce, dehydration and disease is rife, and control comes in the form of whips and warning shots. The militia claims to have the migrants’ interests at heart, but what emerges is a very different story.

In part one of a two-part series, VICE News examines how Libya is struggling with the Mediterranean migrant crisis, where state-run detention centers are overcrowded and violent, and how government immigration controls are outsourced to militias, where they detain migrants en masse.

Watch “Seeking Refuge in Europe: Breaking Borders (Dispatch 1)” – http://bit.ly/1Qt8Ejr