Is Hosting the Super Bowl Worth It?


The Seattle Seahawks and New England Patriots will square off Sunday in Super Bowl XLIX with the specter of “deflategate” – allegations that the Patriots used underinflated footballs during their victory over the Indianapolis Colts two weeks ago – hanging overhead. Seattle is looking to win its second consecutive title, while the Patriots are looking for their fourth championship and first since 2005.

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But the matchup on the field is just one battle over the big game. Outside the confines of University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona, which is where the game will be played this year, the question of whether it is worth it for a city to host the Super Bowl is gaining new attention after Glendale Mayor Jerry Weiers said, “I totally believe we will lose money on this.” Weiers, who said that the city could lose millions of dollars playing host, has pushed for a measure that would have the state reimburse Glendale for its costs; that effort was shut down by the state legislature. “I’m not anti-Super Bowl or anti-NFL. I just want to make sure my citizens are covered,” Weiers told the New York Times.

The National Football League and Super Bowl organizers consistently claim that the game provides economic benefits to the host city. Economists, though, consistently find the opposite: The Super Bowl confers no significant economic boost and pre-game economic impact estimates are almost always too rosy. “The hosting of a Super Bowl can drive people away from the city for fear of congestion, high prices and heightened security,” explained sports economist Andrew Zimbalist. “Hosting also imposes additional security and hospitality costs on a host city. When Super Bowls are hosted in warm climate cities, the likelihood that football fans are simply replacing sun lovers, golfers, tennis players and recreational fishermen is all the greater.”

Still, being the host has its defenders.”There is something dubious about all the criticism this city of about 230,000 west of Phoenix has received ahead of the Super Bowl,” wrote the Wall Street Journal’s Kevin Helliker. Robert Tuchman, president of the sports and entertainment marketing company Goviva, said, “the value that [the NFL is] bringing to [the host] definitely far outweighs the demands that they put on those cities, or what they have to succumb to, to actually host the event.”

So is hosting the Super Bowl worth it? Here is the Debate Club’s take:

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http://www.usnews.com/debate-club/is-hosting-the-super-bowl-worth-it?int=a14709

The New England Patriots’ deflated footballs scandal, explained – Updated by Joseph Stromberg on January 27, 2015, 9:32 a.m. ET


The footballs used by the New England Patriots during the first half of the AFC Championship were under-inflated, according to an NFL investigation. According to ESPN’s Chris Mortensen, 11 of the 12 balls used had less than the amount of air pressure mandated by the league.

 

Why might the Patriots want under-inflated footballs? In theory, it would have made the balls easier for quarterback Tom Brady to hold and for the team’s receivers to catch during the game’s rainy conditions. Because teams always use their own sets of footballs when they’re on offense, this wouldn’t have helped their opponents, the Indianapolis Colts. For better or worse, this scandal seems to have been unofficially named Deflate-gate.

11 of the 12 balls used were under-inflated

Both Patriots coach Bill Belichick and Brady have denied any involvement. The league’s ongoing investigation has reportedly uncovered video of a Patriots locker room attendant who briefly took the balls from the officials’ locker room into a bathroom before the game.

Still, it’s not been established that the under-inflation was the result of any coordinated action by the Patriots. If it was, though, it could mean serious penalties for the team — possibly including fines and lost draft picks. And given previous instances of cheating by the team, it could further tarnish their legacy, even if they win Super Bowl XLIX, giving Brady and Belichick a fourth ring together.

Here’s what we know so far about the situation.

What did the Patriots do?

bill belichick

Patriots coach Bill Belichick, on the sideline of the AFC Championship. (Elsa/Getty Images)

In their game on Sunday, January 18 against the Indianapolis Colts — a game in which the winner would advance to the Super Bowl — the Patriots played part of the game with balls that were under-inflated.

It’s unclear who tipped the Colts off to the Patriots’ under-inflated balls. Initially, it was reported that after catching an interception in the second quarter, Colts linebacker D’Qwell Jackson noticed the ball was less inflated than usual, but he’s since denied noticing anything.

Fox Sports’ Jay Glazer has reported, meanwhile, that the Patriots’ previous opponent (the Baltimore Ravens) told the Colts that the Patriots’ balls might be under-inflated before the game, and the NFL was already planning to inspect them.

In any event, officials checked the balls at halftime and reportedly found that 11 of the 12 balls the Patriots were using were indeed under-inflated — with about two pounds per square inch less pressure than the minimum 12.5 psi mandated by the league. At that point, they were re-inflated to the proper pressure, and stayed that way for the second half.

Article and multiple photos follow this link:

http://www.vox.com/2015/1/21/7866121/deflated-football-patriots-cheating

The New England Patriots’ deflated footballs scandal, explained – Updated by Joseph Stromberg on January 23, 2015, 2:00 p.m. ET


The footballs used by the New England Patriots during the first half of the AFC Championship were under-inflated, according to an NFL investigation. According to ESPN’s Chris Mortensen, 11 of the 12 balls used had less than the amount of air pressure mandated by the league.

Why might the Patriots want under-inflated footballs? In theory, it would have made the balls easier for quarterback Tom Brady to hold and for the team’s receivers to catch during the game’s rainy conditions. Because teams always use their own sets of footballs when they’re on offense, this wouldn’t have helped their opponents, the Indianapolis Colts. For better or worse, this scandal seems to have been unofficially named Deflate-gate.

11 of the 12 balls used by the patriots on offense were under-inflated

On Thursday, both Patriots coach Bill Belichick and Brady denied any involvement, and the league hasn’t concluded its investigation yet. Importantly, it’s not been established that the under-inflation was the result of a deliberate action by the Patriots.

But if it was, it could mean serious penalties for the Patriots — possibly including fines and lost draft picks. And given previous instances of cheating by the team, it could further tarnish their legacy, even if they win Super Bowl XLIX, giving Brady and Belichick a fourth ring together.

Here’s what we know so far about the situation.

What did the Patriots do?

bill belichick

Patriots coach Bill Belichick, on the sideline of the AFC Championship. (Elsa/Getty Images)

In their game on Sunday, January 18 against the Indianapolis Colts — a game in which the winner would advance to the Super Bowl — the Patriots played part of the game with balls that were under-inflated.

It’s unclear who tipped the Colts off to the Patriots’ under-inflated balls. Initially, it was reported that after catching an interception in the second quarter, Colts linebacker D’Qwell Jackson noticed the ball was less inflated than usual, but he’s since denied noticing anything.

Fox Sports’ Jay Glazer has reported, meanwhile, that the Patriots’ previous opponent (the Baltimore Ravens) told the Colts that the Patriots’ balls might be under-inflated before the game, and the NFL was already planning to inspect them.

In any event, officials checked the balls at halftime and reportedly found that 11 of the 12 balls the Patriots were using were indeed under-inflated — with about two pounds per square inch less pressure than the minimum 12.5 psi mandated by the league. At that point, they were re-inflated to the proper pressure, and stayed that way for the second half.

Why would the Patriots want to under-inflate footballs?

Article continues:

http://www.vox.com/2015/1/21/7866121/deflated-football-patriots-cheating