Primer: The Paris Climate Summit – By Alan Neuhauser Nov. 30, 2015 | 12:01 a.m. EST


Close to 200 nations will be gathering in France to finalize a major international agreement on global warming.

A fake iceberg inflated by Greenpeace floats on the river Seine near the Eiffel Tower on July 7, 2009, in Paris. The city will be hosting a major UN climate summit starting Nov. 30, 2015.A fake iceberg inflated by Greenpeace floats on the river Seine near the Eiffel Tower in Paris. A major UN climate summit was scheduled to open in the city Monday.

Tens of thousands of delegates and world leaders from nearly 200 nations will be descending on Paris on Monday where, for the next 12 days to two weeks, they’ll be hammering out an international climate agreement – one experts believe could be a major turning point in the fight to stop global warming.

The accord – expected but far from assured – will not be enough to stop temperatures from rising by more than 2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels, which scientists say is the rough benchmark for avoiding global warming’s worst effects.

But after the misfires and mixed messages of the past two decades, last-minute withdrawals and heartbreaking collapses of prior summits, the anticipated agreement – if achieved – would enshrine serious commitments by nearly all nations to reduce their heat-trapping carbon emissions – finally, perhaps for the first time, capturing the political will for nations to work together to stop climate change.

“It’s putting in place this framework that builds trust over time,” says Nathaniel Keohane, vice president for global climate at the Environmental Defense Fund. “A framework to keep increasing their ambition going forward.”

There’s much that still has to happen between here and there. For those following from afar, read on to learn what to expect from the negotiations – and the long nights – ahead:

Delegates attend the opening ceremony of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany, on June 1, 2015. More than 40,000 delegates were registered for the Paris summit.

Delegates attend the opening ceremony of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany, in June. More than 40,000 delegates were registered for the Paris summit.

So what’s this all going to look like?

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10 THINGS TO KNOW FOR TODAY


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Your daily look at late-breaking news, upcoming events and the stories that will be talked about today:

1. SECURITY CONCERNS AS MUSLIMS CELEBRATE EID

Millions began ushering in the end of Ramadan with prayers and feasts, while mortar rounds hit a district in Syria where Assad attended prayers.

2. APPEAL TO JUDGE FOR FORT HOOD DEFENDANT

Defense lawyers say Maj. Nidal Hasan is trying to get a death sentence while representing himself.

3. SHOOTING SPREE KILLS AT LEAST 4 IN TEXAS

Police say a man shot several people at two houses in the Dallas area and was taken into custody.

4. WHO WON POWERBALL JACKPOT

Three tickets – two from New Jersey and one from Minnesota – matched the winning numbers for the $448 million drawing.

5. PENTAGON MAY GRANT BENEFITS TO SAME-SEX COUPLES

The AP obtains a memo that would allow same-sex spouses of military members to receive access to health and welfare programs, but wouldn’t cover unmarried partners.

6. SNOWDEN FINAL STRAW IN US-RUSSIA RELATIONS

Obama backed out of a summit with Putin after failing to reach agreement on several disputes including Syria, global security and American adoption of Russian children.

7. SUSPECTED ABDUCTOR HAD CRUSH ON CALIF. TEEN

Friends of the 16-year-old kidnapped girl say the man wanted in the death of her mother had said he would date the teen if they were the same age.

8. RAGING WILDFIRE HAMPERS EVACUATION

The southern California blaze blocked both ends of a highway, temporarily trapping some deputies and residents trying to evacuate.

9. THE SAFEST SMALL CAR TO CRASH IN

A safety group gave the two- and four-door Honda Civic models high marks in front-end crash tests. The Nissan Sentra and two Kia models rated “poor.”

10. UNION APPEALS A-ROD PENALTY

Baseball’s players association sent Rodriguez’ 211-game suspension to an independent arbitrator.